Carbon capture utilisation and storage

Carbon capture, utilisation and storage (CCUS) describes processes that capture CO2 emissions from industrial sources and either reuses them in other industrial processes or stores them for centuries or millennia so that they will not enter the atmosphere. CCUS is a crucial solution for the cement sector where a large share of emissions are not energy related but due to the specific chemistry of cement making.

Projects from around the world, with GCCA member involvement and technology advanced also shown.

Ste Geneviève

(HOLCIM) Post-combustion Illinois, USA

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Lehigh Hanson

(HeidelbergCement)
Other
Mitchell, Indiana, USA
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CO2MENT

(HOLCIM) Post-combustion Richmond, Canada

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Edmonton

(HeidelbergCement) Post-combustion Edmonton, Canada

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Victorville

(CEMEX) Post-combustion California, USA

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CO2MENT Colorado

(HOLCIM) Post-combustion Colorado, USA

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Balcones

(CEMEX) Post-combustion Texas, USA

Microalgae

(Argos) Other Colombia

HyNet

(HeidelbergCement) Other United Kingdom

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LEILAC I

(CEMEX, HeidelbergCement, Tarmac/CRH) Direct separation Belgium

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Hynovi

(Vicat) Other France

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K6 EQIOM

(EQIOM, A CRH Company)
Oxyfuel
France, Lumbres
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Lighthouse Spain ECCO2

(HOLCIM) Post-combustion Spain

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AC²OCEM

(HeidelbergCement, HOLCIM, Titan, VDZ) Oxyfuel Germany

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LEILAC II

(CEMEX, HeidelbergCement) Direct separation Germany

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Westküste 100

(HOLCIM) Oxyfuel Germany

ANICA

(Buzzi/Dyckerhoff, VDZ) Calcium looping Germany

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Catch4Climate

(Buzzi Unicem, HeidelbergCement, Schwenk, Vicat) Oxyfuel Germany

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Rüdersdorf Concrete Chemicals

(CEMEX) Post-combustion Germany

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CEMCAP

(HeidelbergCement, VDZ) Oxyfuel / Post-combustion Norway

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Brevik CCS

(HeidelbergCement) Post-combustion Norway

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Slite

(HeidelbergCement) Other Sweden

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C2PAT

(HOLCIM) Post-combustion Austria

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Go4ECOPlanet

(Holcim)
Post-combustion
Kujawy, Poland
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CLEANKER

(Buzzi Unicem, HeidelbergCement, VDZ) Calcium looping Italy

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GreenCem

(Cementir Holding) Post-combustion Denmark

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ConsenCUS

(Cementir Holding) Post-combustion Denmark

ACCSESS

(HeidelbergCement, VDZ) Post-combustion Poland

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CARMOF

(Titan) Post-combustion Greece

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ANRAV

(HeidelbergCement)
TBC
Bulgaria
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RECODE

(Titan) Post-combustion Greece

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Hoping

(Taiwan Cement) Calcium looping Taiwan

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Baimashaun

Post-combustion China

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Tamil Nadu

(Dalmia) Post-combustion India

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Ste Geneviève

(HOLCIM) Post-combustion Illinois, USA

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Lehigh Hanson

(HeidelbergCement)
Other
Mitchell, Indiana, USA
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CO2MENT

(HOLCIM) Post-combustion Richmond, Canada

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Edmonton

(HeidelbergCement) Post-combustion Edmonton, Canada

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Victorville

(CEMEX) Post-combustion California, USA

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CO2MENT Colorado

(HOLCIM) Post-combustion Colorado, USA

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Balcones

(CEMEX) Post-combustion Texas, USA

Microalgae

(Argos) Other Colombia

HyNet

(HeidelbergCement) Other United Kingdom

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LEILAC I

(CEMEX, HeidelbergCement, Tarmac/CRH) Direct separation Belgium

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Höver

(HOLCIM) Post-combustion Germany

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Hynovi

(Vicat) Other France

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K6 EQIOM

(EQIOM, A CRH Company)
Oxyfuel
France, Lumbres
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Lighthouse Spain ECCO2

(HOLCIM) Post-combustion Spain

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AC²OCEM

(HeidelbergCement, HOLCIM, Titan, VDZ) Oxyfuel Germany

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LEILAC II

(CEMEX, HeidelbergCement) Direct separation Germany

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Westküste 100

(HOLCIM) Oxyfuel Germany

ANICA

(Buzzi/Dyckerhoff, VDZ) Calcium looping Germany

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Catch4Climate

(Buzzi Unicem, HeidelbergCement, Schwenk, Vicat) Oxyfuel Germany

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Rüdersdorf Concrete Chemicals

(CEMEX) Post-combustion Germany

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CEMCAP

(HeidelbergCement, VDZ) Oxyfuel / Post-combustion Norway

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Brevik CCS

(HeidelbergCement) Post-combustion Norway

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Slite

(HeidelbergCement) Other Sweden

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C2PAT

(HOLCIM) Post-combustion Austria

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Go4ECOPlanet

(Holcim)
Post-combustion
Kujawy, Poland
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CLEANKER

(Buzzi Unicem, HeidelbergCement, VDZ) Calcium looping Italy

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GreenCem

(Cementir Holding) Post-combustion Denmark

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ConsenCUS

(Cementir Holding) Post-combustion Denmark

ACCSESS

(HeidelbergCement, VDZ) Post-combustion Poland

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CARMOF

(Titan) Post-combustion Greece

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RECODE

(Titan) Post-combustion Greece

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ANRAV

(HeidelbergCement)
TBC
Bulgaria
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Hoping

(Taiwan Cement) Calcium looping Taiwan

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Baimashaun

Post-combustion China

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Tamil Nadu

(Dalmia) Post-combustion India

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To download Carbon Capture map click here

Carbon Capture

CO2 capture is still expensive today, but technology is improving and the significant number of demonstration facilities, currently being deployed in cement production, demonstrates the potential for significant cost reduction in the years ahead.&lt

A variety of different capture technologies are currently being tested in pilot projects across the globe. These include post combustion (e.g. chemical absorption by amines), direct separation, oxyfuel and calcium looping. Typically additional energy is needed for these technologies to operate the separation and handling processes

The 2030 goal is to have CCUS fully operational at 10 cement plants around the world

Captured CO2 can be used in the production of e-fuels and as a feedstock for the chemical industry. More specific uses are to promote crop growth in greenhouses and in the food and drinks industries.

The construction industry can also play its part in developing an economy forCO2 – and there are signs that this is happening. The process of carbonation has been long understood by engineers with respect to reinforced concrete and is rightly limited for the sake of durability. Recent development has focused on speeding up the reaction in various applications as a method of sequestering CO2. Potential applications include

• the manufacture of artificial aggregates

• curing concrete

• carbonation of recycled concrete.

SequestrationCO2 can be sequestrated in geological formations which would avoid it being released into the atmosphere.

Infrastructure Both solutions, utilisation or sequestration, require the development of infrastructure between the source and point of use or storage.