Savings in clinker production
thermal efficiency
savings from waste fuels (“alternative fuels”)
use of decarbonated raw materials
use of hydrogen as a fuel

Efficiency in concrete production
optimised mix design
optimisation of constituents
continue to industrialise manufacturing
quality control

Decarbonisation of electricity
decarbonisation of electricity used at both cement plants and in concrete production

CO2 sink: recarbonation
natural uptake of CO2 in concrete – a carbon sink

Efficiency in design and construction
client brief to designers to enable optimisation
design optimisation
construction site efficiencies
re-use and lifetime extension

Savings in cement and binders
Portland clinker cement substitution. Also expressed through clinker binder ratio
alternatives to Portland clinker cements

Carbon capture and utilisation/storage
carbon capture at cement plants